Multiple intelligences, abbreviated as MI, is a theory proposed in 1983 by Harvard University psychologist Howard Gardner (Gardner, 1983), which challenges the traditional concept of Intelligence Quotient (IQ), which was popular before. In 1988 in Indianapolis, a leading school Key School introduced Multiple Intelligences as a teaching method. (Gardner, 2006, Ch.7).
GEC has been promoting gifted education in Hong Kong of which the Project Talent Search has been running since 2004 for ten years. The scheme has been well received by all Hong Kong primary schools, letting Primary 6 students through taking tests to understand the situation of their individual Multiple Intelligences. Parents and teachers are able to fully understand the students’ potential so that teaching can cater their aptitude, fostering the children to goodness. Participants involved in the programme can get a Multiple Intelligences Test report. Outstanding participants of their individual subject will receive an award certificate of Gold, Silver or Bronze as encouragement. For details about the programme,
please call GEC on 2701-5959.
Linguistic Intelligence is the ability on the use of spoken or written language to express ideas, communicate with people, and implement reading and writing capability.
For children who are strong with Spatial Intelligence have a keen sense of contact with lines, shapes, colours and the spatial inter-relationships among each other. They can accurately recognise visual space, and perceive things via different ways.
This field includes melody, beat, sound, memory,etc. Individuals with outstanding talent feel very responsive. They also use this capability to think. They are good at sound memory analysis. They can use sound for creativity.
Logical-mathematical Intelligence refers to the ability to effectively use numerical and reasoning ability. People strong in Logical-mathematical Intelligence learn by reasoning when thinking, like to ask questions and perform experiments to seek answers.
Existential intelligence is about human being concerned about the ultimate issue. This includes the meaning of life & death, the ultimate fate of the world and the in-depth love of mankind. In fact, these problems have long been concerned in religions, philosophy and art.
Intrapersonal Intelligence is defined as the ability to recognise our emotion, feeling, aspiration, or interest. It includes awareness of our own motives and understanding the formation of emotion. Intrapersonal intelligence lets people understand their own strengths, weaknesses, resulting in self-esteem, autonomy formation, and then making the appropriate behavior.
Body-kinesthetic Intelligence is the good use of limbs, movements, body language to express thoughts and feelings. It can utilize the body's coordination, balance, flexibility, speed, strength, etc. As the old saying goes: ‘What we are at 3 years old determines what we are at 80 years old’.
Interpersonal intelligence is the sensitive interaction between a child and a person. Children sense others from sound, tone of voice, facial expression, body movements. They perceive and differentiate the mood, intention and motivation of others.
1. be able to easily discover patterns, images and objects from nature;
2. be keen in observing, feeling and memorizing their personal environment;
3. fond of plants & animals and are keen to acquaint and remember their related things;
4. love the outdoors and the exploration of nature;
5. be keen in observation and attentive to the changes and the interrelationship in nature.
1. Gardner, H. (1983). Frames of Mind. NY: Basic Books
2. Gardner, H. (2006). Multiple Intelligences: New Horizons in Theory and Practice. NY: Basic Books
3. Li, R.I.F., Leung, K.S., Wong, C. (Eds.). (2014). Tips to cultivate multiple intelligences: Children’s version. Hong Kong: Gifted Education Council.
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